On 22 October 2019, the House of Commons agreed, by 329 votes to 299, to give a second reading to the revised withdrawal agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month), but when the accelerated timetable it had proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the law would be overturned.   The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention setting the status of European schools, with the United Kingdom bound by the Convention and accompanying regulations on accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e. at the end of the spring semester 2020-2021.  The United Kingdom left the European Union (EU) on 31 January 2020. A transitional period is now in effect until 31 December 2020. During this period, the UK will have to comply with all EU rules and legislation. For businesses and the public, virtually nothing will change. After the transition period, there will be changes, whether or not an agreement is reached on the new relationship between the UK and the EU. The EU and the UK reach a provisional agreement on citizens` rights and the financial regime of Brexit. The EU and the UK announced on 17 October that they had agreed on a revised withdrawal agreement. It took place on the day of a decisive European summit and followed a period of more intense discussions. The agreement was quickly given by EU heads of state and government.
The most important elements of the draft agreement are:  With regard to the Irish border issue, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the “backstop”) which is attached to the agreement and establishes a position of withdrawal that will only come into force if no other valid solution is presented before the end of the transition period. In this case, the UK will eclipse the EU`s common external tariff and Northern Ireland will stick to aspects of the internal market until such an event is carried out. Neither party can unilaterally withdraw from this customs union. The aim of this backstop agreement is to avoid a “hard” border in Ireland, where customs controls are needed.  The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following main areas: The United Kingdom and the European Union reached an agreement at the European Council on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union. The revised withdrawal agreement and the political declaration were discussed and approved at the European Council on 17 October 2019. Ministers say legislation is needed to prevent “damaging” tariffs on goods travelling from the rest of the UK to Northern Ireland if negotiations with the EU for a free trade agreement fail. The UK left the EU on 31 January 2020 at midnight (23:00 GMT). A transitional period is now in effect until 31 December 2020.